The main cause of behavioral problems in Russell is a lack of physical and mental activity. They need constant work or play, which occupy their body and mind. Ignoring this rule can lead to the pet becoming an unpredictable animal whose restrained energy will one day explode into destructive behavior.
Just like many people, Russell likes to have his own schedule. Something that your Russell will look forward to.
It's a good idea to let your pet follow you around the house like a glued one while you're doing routine things - making your bed, doing laundry, going to the store. For each new job in the house, think of new teams to teach him. For example, when you're going to sweep the kitchen floor, teach Russell how to bring you a dustpan. Pretty soon you'll find that he's become useful in doing his homework routine, and he'll be happy because he'll do what he was born to do - work with his landlord.
Let's take a look at the most common problems with Jack's behavior that cause their hosts a lot of trouble. All of these problems can certainly be corrected or prevented through proper education and training. Rest assured, there is no such thing as irreparable behavior, there are lazy hosts who just don't have the time to train their pet.
All dogs bark. That's one way they can communicate. The bark is very diverse not only in the number of sounds but also in the number of messages sent. Your Jack will bark in the following cases: he needs to go outside and do his 'business'; he warns you about a situation, for example, someone coming to the door; your Jack is hungry; he sees another dog and so tells him: "Hello." These are all cases of perfectly normal barking. The annoying barking is a different matter. Whenever your terrier barks for no apparent reason, it's boredom. If Jack acts like this when you're at home, get his attention - with his voice, his clap. Only when he stops barking do you reward him with a game or a treat. If he barks outside while walking, make one or more jerks with a leash, then release the leash. When Jack is quiet, encourage him to let go of the leash or give him a treat.
Jack, displaying his will or stubbornness, literally begs you to notice him. If you yell at him, repeat the command several times, Jack gets exactly what he wanted - your undivided attention. For example, you give him a command: "Jack, drop your slippers!" He ignores you. You raise your voice, yell at him, repeat the command over and over again. Eventually, you grab your slippers by the loose end and you start pulling. Your Jack is happy - it's his day!
Stubbornness certainly stems from the origin of the breed. Jack Russell Terrier is a self-contained dog who knows how to make decisions, take responsibility, take risks, and insist. Every time he hears from you this or that team, Jack assesses the situation as if he were thinking for a moment: "Do you accept your game rules? Does this or that action have to be taken?" Not only does he listen to you unconditionally, but he decides whether he needs it. It seems to you that he is stubborn and refuses to obey. If you have an adult Jack who weighs each of your teams, it means that you haven't been able to establish your dominance over him as a pack leader since you were a child. To prevent stubbornness, build a relationship with your puppy from the very first days as an adult, build up the puppy's obedience skills, and teach him commands without waiting for him to grow up.
Dogs like to chew. As a child, they chew because of the change of teeth. Adults chew because they like the process itself. Of course, you wouldn't want your Jack chewing to be about shoes or furniture. Provide your puppy with suitable chewing toys as well as special chewing stones and a mass of them in pet stores. And try to restrict Jack's access to shoes (just keep them away). If the terrier does chew your shoes, don't yell at him. Distract him with a toy, and when he starts chewing it, praise him. And be generous in your praise.
The anxiety of being alone
One explanation for Jack Russell's unwanted behavior is the anxiety of separation. This happens to both adult terriers and puppies. When you bring a puppy to your home, you separate him from his siblings. He's not used to being alone, without the company of his classmates and mother. Naturally, you'd expect him to cry and whine about being alone, especially when you leave home. To distract himself in this state, Jack can chew furniture, skirting boards, shoes, digging upholstery, leaving puddles and piles, whining, and whining. He's not acting like this because he wants to bully or punish you on purpose. It's just the way he expresses his fear that you might not go back to him. Similarly, adult Jack can suffer from loneliness if this phobia has taken hold since he was a puppy. His destructive behavior can cause even more damage to his home, given the strength of his paws and adult teeth. And his loud barking or howling will cause a lot of trouble for his neighbors. Why? Because Jack is trying to get out of the house and find you. He's taking active steps to achieve his goal. When you go home and see the mess, the first impulse is to punish your pet. But that's the wrongest thing you can do. Because that's when your dog will be terrified to wait for you to come home, but at the same time he won't stop worrying about you leaving and making a mess - so you're in a vicious circle. Here are some tips to reduce your pet's fear of loneliness:
Take your Jack out for a long walk before you go.
Provide him with a comfortable place where he can wait for you.
Leave him a new squeaky toy and delicious chewing stones. When you return, remove the toy and only give it to him when you leave.
Leave the radio or CD on.
When you leave, do not attach importance to it in the eyes of your terrier - do not kiss him for forgiveness, in general, go unnoticed.
Some people solve this problem by making friends with Jack.
It could be another dog. And the best thing is if you can afford to keep two Jacks at once.
Fear of loud sounds
A lot of Jackie, and dogs in general, are afraid of loud claps, fireworks, thunder. Usually, everyone has these fears as a child, but they go away with age. If your puppy is afraid of loud noises, don't worry or try to calm him down. The moment you see your puppy's fear, call him in, pet him, praise him. But do not calm him down in any way, do not take him in your arms. Let him see that you are calm and do not show excitement. One of the most important skills that you must teach your Jack from childhood: in a stressful situation he must run towards you, oh not from you, so that frightened by the sound of fireworks or a shot he did not rush to break his head to run in an unknown direction. Learn this skill from your puppy's first days in the house.
It happens that this phobia doesn't go away with age. Never try to correct this behavior yourself. It's a genetically inherited trait that only a specialist can correct, and independent attempts can only make things worse.
The master is always worried when Jack hugs someone's leg with his paws and makes imaginary frictions. Or rides another dog. And this behavior is completely independent of the sex of the dog. Terriers can jump on dogs of the same sex, on your feet, or the feet of guests. We often think that this behavior is caused by sexual motivation. However, this is not always the case. As a rule, jumping means wanting to show dominance. Whether it's another dog or a person. It's a peculiar form of aggression by your Jack, and it must be stopped immediately. If your terrier tries to saddle your leg, push it away immediately and say, "No!" in a firm voice. Next time you do that, just turn around and walk away from him. Your Jack will soon understand what kind of behavior you're not comfortable with.
Jack's purpose is to catch the beast or drive it out of the hole. That's why your Jack will catch up with literally everything that moves and what interests him, be it a bird, a cat, another animal, a human being, a bicycle. Jack is a mobile, high-speed, hobby dog and you won't even have time to react as Jack chases after something you haven't even noticed. Of course, this behavior is dangerous for Jack in the first place, especially in a city near busy tracks. To avoid trouble, teach him to obey, "Come to me", "Ew!" commands from childhood. Teach the dog to come back on command if he has any irritants. But even with an obedient and very disciplined Jack, you should be very careful not to let him off the leash in dangerous places.
Why are dogs tagging?
When you take your dog outside to the toilet, he's not only busy with this issue, but also with a much more important matter: marking his territory. Among dogs, it's an important means of communication. Watch your Jack dovetto blow up the ground with his paws and mark the spot with his leg up. He just left a message to his fellow dogs, "This is my territory and I'm in charge. It's all fun to watch until Jack begins to mark his dominance of the house and mark strategic objects: the legs of tables, chairs, corners of sofas. Some even defiantly leave pile-ups, always in the most prominent places. What is the reason for this "unworthy behavior" of your pet? Most likely, it is caused by a change in the usual environment in the house, for example, a new person came with the smell of another dog, a new family member, a new animal. Jack claims his dominance in this way. So how do you behave? Of course, let your pet know that you are extremely dissatisfied with his behavior (but only when you have caught him at the scene, not after the act). Leave him a place where he can leave his marks with impunity. Get a tray with a column and praise Jack when he tags that column.
If you and your Jack come to a house where there is another dog, he will definitely try to establish his dominance and mark the corners of someone else's apartment. To avoid this shame, introduce the dogs not in the apartment, but on the street. Let them sniff each other, lift their leg for as long as they need, and only then take them into the room.
Many dogs like to dig and dig when they're outside. It's a normal activity. The digging instinct is present in every breed, regardless of their purpose. This is how ancient dogs used to build a bed of grass and leaves before settling down for the night. Jackie was particularly successful in this activity. The origin of the breed makes Jack an excellent digger. There are curious cases where the Russells dug a hole so deep that they had to dig themselves later. They dig if they smell a mouse or rodent if they want to bury their bone or toy if they want to dig a cooler hole and hide from the heat. Unfortunately, this activity is frustrating for the owners, especially when their favorite seedbeds or beautiful flowerbeds with rare flowers are excavated. Often there are excavated and upholstery of expensive furniture.
What to do, you ask, is it an instinct? Will you have to endure it? No and again no! We have to follow the path of correction. Any behavior of a dog is fixed if it is not followed by a negative reaction, and if it is supported by encouragement, the behavior will be fixed for life. Ever since he was a child, don't let your puppy dig. Don't scold him for this behavior, but show him you don't like it. Give him an alternative, distract him from digging, switch to other activities.
The main source of information for the dog is the smell. His brain is 10 times smaller than that of a human being, and his sense of smell is 40 times larger than the olfactory part of our brain, and his ability to identify smells is 1000-10000 times larger.